Pierce & Mandell, P.C. Attorney, Lawyer, Litigator, Legal Advice, Boston, MA

Call us (617) 720-2444
Fax: (617) 720-3693

11 Beacon Street, Suite 800
Boston, MA 02108-3002

Call Us Today!
(617) 720-2444

Expert and Cost-Effective
Legal Advice & Services

Legal Considerations for Owning an IV Bar

5 April 2024

Like med spas, weight loss centers, and other boutique wellness providers, IV infusion therapy practices are taking off. But what is IV infusion and who can operate these practices? Are there any other legal considerations that need to be evaluated? Prior to entering into this emerging market, it is important to understand the Massachusetts specific requirements surrounding these types of practices.

  1. What is an IV infusion bar?
    An iv infusion bar is a business that offers IV hydration therapy to its patients with an emphasis on health and wellness benefits. Specifically, the patient receives an intravenous drip filled with supplements, vitamins, and/or medications as recommended by a provider to address a specific health condition. IV infusion therapy targets conditions ranging from hydration to anti-aging and everything in between.
  2. Who can own an IV infusion bar?
    Vitamins and supplements given to a patient via intravenous therapy are not something that Joe off the street can offer to patients. Intravenous therapies can only be administered by licensed professionals if permitted within the scope of practice for their specific license. Much like the Commonwealth’s stance on physician and dental practices being owned by non- licensed professionals, a clinic license is required to operate an IV hydration bar unless it is owned and operated by certain licensed health professionals. That said, it is possible to involve a non-licensed individual in the business akin to how private equity companies have entered the dental world. The essential component to this is being clear on who owns what and who has control over the professionals providing the treatment.
  3. What about weight loss medications?
    As weight loss supplements and medication pick up steam as well, an evolving question in this field is whether IV infusion bars can also offer weight loss services as part of their wellness approach. The answer is yes, but with certain conditions. An IV infusion bar’s ability to offer this supplement as part of its health and wellness approach depends on how the weight loss supplement or medication is being administered and what exactly is given to the patient. Providers should be aware of statutory requirements surrounding how much of a prescription medication can be sent home with the patient. The use of semaglutide medication, such as Ozempic, is particularly popular in the weight loss arena. Providers prescribing semaglutides should be cognizant of how they are marketing these drugs, and keep an eye out for any new regulations or guidelines from the Federal or Massachusetts government.
  4. Other legal considerations? Compounding?
    Additional considerations for IV infusion practice owners are issues of how the supplements and vitamins are obtained by the practice and then given to the patient, i.e., is this a pre-packaged, pre-mixed solution given to the patient based on their health needs or is the facility making these packages on site and adding it supplements as recommended? The Commonwealth closely regulates the “how,” so this is something to be mindful of as one considers opening this type of practice, specifically if a practice is “compounding” their own solutions. If purchasing pre-mixed solutions, practices should also closely vet the compounding pharmacies they choose to order from to ensure that they operate in compliance with Massachusetts law. As the realm of IV therapy is so new and so popular, it is also likely that soon various licensing boards are going to render more public opinions on IV therapy practices and how they expect their licensed professionals to operate within that field, which could change the game and require current practices to re-assess their operations.

The health and business law attorneys at Pierce & Mandell, P.C. are available to advise on IV infusion therapy practices. Feel free to contact Bill Mandell, Esq. at bill@piercemandell.com, Hannah Schindler Spinelli, Esq. at hannah@piercemandell.com, or Julie Niejadlik, Esq. at julie@piercemandell.com for more information about our representation of owners and operators of IV infusion therapy practices.

< Go Back...